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F.A.Q.

 
Where do you obtain the Ingredients and what are they?
The plants involved in our products are planted and grown in high altitude natural gardens and fields without the use of chemicals or pesticides.  
 
The below products are not definitive and do not exhaust the product range of essential oils, floral waters and supercritical CO2 extracts produced by Ecomaat Ltd, for products not listed, you may send your request to our Product Development Team
ESSENTIAL OILS AND FLORAL WATERS 

Chamomile oil (Matricaria Chamomila)
Clary Sage oil (Slavia Sclarea)
Feverfew oil (Tanacetum Pathenium)
Hyssop oil (Hyssopus Officicnalis)
Juniper oil (Fructus Juniperus communis)
Lavender oil  (Lavandula Angustifolia)
Melissa oil (Melissa Officinalis)
Peppermint oil (Mentha Piperita)
Rose oil (Rosa Damascena)
Rue oil (Ruta Graveolens)
Sage oil (Salvia Officinalis)
Savory oil (Satureja Montana)
Scotch Pine oil (Pinus Sylvestris)
St. John's wort oil (Hypericum Perforatum)
Tansy oil (Tanacetum Vulgare)
Thyme oil (Thymus Serpillum)
Wormwood oil (Artemisia Annua)
Yarrow oil (Achillea Millefolium)
Zdravetz oil (Geranium Macrorrhizum)
 SUPERCRITICAL CO2 EXTRACTS 

Chamomile CO2 extract (Matricaria Chamomila)
Clary Sage CO2 extract (Slavia Sclarea)
Elder flowers CO2 extract (Sambucus Nigra)
Hyssop CO2 extract (Hyssopus Officicnalis)
Juniper CO2 extract (Juniperus communis)
Lavender  CO2 extract (Lavandula Angustifolia)
Lilac CO2 extract (Syringa Vulgaris)
Linden  CO2 extract blossoms (Tilia Cordata)
Marigold  CO2 extract (Calendula Officinalis)
Moursalski tea CO2 extract (Sideritis Scardica)
Melissa CO2 extract (Melissa Officinalis)
Peppermint CO2 extract (Mentha Piperita)
Rose CO2 extract (Rosa Damascena & RosaAlba)
Sage  CO2 extract (Salvia Officinalis)
Spearmint  CO2 extract (Mentha Spicata)
St. John's wort  CO2 extract (H. Perforatum)
Thyme  CO2 extract (Thymus Serpillum)
Yarrow  CO2 extract (Achillea Millefolium)
Zdravetz  CO2 extract (Ger. Macrorrhizum)
Which ingredients do you not use?
 
The following is a list of ingredients you will not find in our products.
  1. Synthetic colouring, fragrance - Synthetic additives can irritate your skin, we only use natural products with their own colours and scents. We consdider our essential oils and flower waters provide beautiful natural fragrances for which our products are highly accliamed.
  2. Mineral oil - Mineral oil is not used at all as it is derived from petroleum and so not in accordance with our common practice or ethics. In their place natural plant-based alternatives such as jojoba and almond oil are used as carrier oils.
  3. Silicone - Many cosmetics include silicone to create finish that makes the skin feel smooth after application. It has been discovered that this can block the skin’s pores – which is why we use don’t use silicone at all. Instead we incorporate natural oil extracts to enable our products to absorb into the skin and leave it feeling as smooth as silk as a result.
  4. Alcohol - Our distillery processes (e.g. supercritical Co2 extraction) negates the need to use this form which is responsible for drying skin.
  5. Parabens - Parabens are preservatives used widely used in cosmetics. Available naturally or synthetically, they prevent fungi, bacteria and mould. However, some studies have suggested a link between parabens and cancer. As a result, we’ve stopped using parabens completely, replacing them with natural preservatives where possible.
 
What certification do Ecomaat products carry?
Ecomaat Ltd. is the first Bulgarian manufacturer certified for production of bio / organic / essential oils and extracts. The certifying authority who exercises over the production and monitoring the activities of our company is LACON GmbH through its representative for Bulgaria - LACON Ltd. 
 
At Ecomaat, we ensure traceability at every level of the production chain – from growing of the plants, trough processing, storage and distribution. The plant raw materials for production of authentic bio certified essential oils and extracts are grown without the use of any synthetic chemicals, fertilizers or GMOs. All activities under cultivation, processing and production are taken with care for the environment and the future. The registration number of our certificates present at the labels of all Ecomaat products are guarantee of an existing, integral information link which tracks the "life" of each bio certified product - from the farm to the end users. 
 
Ecomaat's identication number in the register of LACON GmbH is 3018 and attends all our certificates, labels and packaging of finished products. Our supercritical CO2 extracts and essential oils are certified bio and meet EU standards under Directive 834/2007 (former EEC 2092/91) and 100% "Organic" under the USDA NOP regulations of the United States.
 
What are special about the technologies and processes used to obtain the oils to create the extracts?
Technologies
  • Steam Distillation
The basic process for the production of essential oils is called distillation. In this, the essential oil is extracted from plant raw material with steam, and the separation of the volatile components is based on their different vapor pressures. Depending on the type of raw materials for processing, the available technological equipment at Ecomaat Distillery, enables production of essential oils and floral waters by water, water-steam and steam distillation. The principles of distillation are known since ancient times - and today they are fundamental in the production of essential oils, despite the numerous improvements to distillation equipment and processing technology of extraction. The main parameters that determine the quality of the essential oils during production are velocity and temperature of distillation since the most important factor remains the quality of raw materials processed. The proximity of our fields to Ecomaat's distillery in Mirkovo allows rapid entry of the raw material after harvest and immediately downstream processing without loss of fragrant molecules which in most cases is of crucial importance in improving the quality of the essential oils. 
 
Ecomaat processing and production plants as well as our laboratories are settled on an area of 4000 square meters and are situated in the village of Mirkovo in central Bulgaria. The small picturesque village is surrounded by Stara Planina and Sredna Gora mountains at average altitude of 600-800 m.
 
  • Supercritical Co2 Exctration 
The extraction of active ingredients and essential oils with liquefied gases (commonly known as supercritical fluid extraction - SFE) is a high-tech technology, recognized as the technology of the future in the production of natural aromatic products. This is a process in which, through utilization of specific equipment and "know-how", under certain conditions the properties of liquefied gases (most often carbon dioxide - CO2) are used as a solvent. Under high pressure and low operating temperature, the carbon dioxide goes into supercritical phase and the natural ingredients are derived from the plant raw material - aromatic molecules, active ingredients and vitamins without changing their properties, and preserving all thermo-sensitive substances. After completion of the process, the carbon dioxide is released in gaseous state leaving the extracted product absolutely clean and free of traces of the solvent. Ecomaat Ltd. is the only one company in Bulgaria possessing this unique technology and equipment, applied in industrial scale for the production of natural extracts with unknown purity and with new aromatic features and active properties.
 
  • Supercritical fluid extraction
The extraction from natural sources using supercritical fluids is a relativeley new technology applied for production of aromatic products.

Principles: When a gas is pressurised to a sufficiently high pressure it changes its state by becoming a liquid, in addition, were the same gas to be heated over a specific temperature, there is no amount of compression will make it to become a liquid. This temperature is called "critical temperature" and the coresponding vapour pressure is also called "critical pressure" defining a critical point of the gas. The state of this gas is called "Supercrirical" when both parameters - pressure and temperature simultaneously exceed their critical values. At this point the substance owns the properties of a gas and a liquid at the same time. In a supercritical state, these substances are very attractive for the processing of plant sources as they offer remarkable properties to act as solvents in extraction process and to dissolve valuable natural ingredients.

The most popular solvent for such extraction technology is CO2 as it is safe, easily available (no suplimentary CO2 is generated during production process) and it has a low cost. It is also suitable for utilisation as it is odourless and tasteless, so it does not influence the final product. When it is at atmospheric conditions the CO2 is in a gaseous state and totally disappears from the product - i.e. no residue of the solvent can be detected if compared to the extraction methods involving utilisation of organic solvents. Also its near ambient critical temperature (app. 30 deg. Celsius) makes it perfectly suitable for the thermoliable ingredients if compared to steam distillation process where the temperature of the steam is 120-140 deg. Celsius and some ingredients and chemical componds of the extracts are converted or totally distroyed by the heat.

By using SCF extraction with CO2, absolutely natural essential oils are produced with all the qualities of the absolute obtained by extraction with organic solvents, in addition to the special attributes of the supercritical CO2 extracts.

Nowadays, by using this ultrta modern technology, combining state of the art equipment, know-how and highly skilled traditions in essential oil production, Ecomaat Bulgaria is proud to be the only company capable to offer supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2) extracts from Bulgarian Rosa Damascena and Rosa Alba on a commercial scale.
Production
 
  • Distillery
In our distillery we combine in excess of 300 years tradition in production of essential oils and Bulgarian product knowledge combined with new technologies and modern equipment. The automation of the process and its focus in even the smallest of details enables numerous optimizations for improving the energy efficiency and reducing production costs. The production cycle is completely wasteless - after processing the utilized plant materials are reused as material for compost and fertilization of the company's arable land or they are dried and used as ecological solid fuel for production of steam instead diesel. The remaining waters from distillation are also gathered and after fermentation are reused at our fields.
 
  • Extraction
The Ecomaat Distillery in Mirkovo features our latest plant for supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of oil-bearing raw materials, herbs and medicinal plants. Processed through the use of modern technology with the application of state-of-the-art equipment, all year-round we derive new active ingredients and fragrances from fresh and dry herbage. The exclusive equipment and technology, as well as the incredible variety of Bulgarian nature with regard to raw material resources allows us to produce globally unique natural extracts, suitable for development of new products and innovations in various fields of perfumery, cosmetics and skin care, food and beverage and pharmaceutical industries.
 
How is your quality control managed?
As a family operation, all production is overseen by our select team of experts who control every aspect of the process from start to finish.
 
Is all your packaging recyclable?
All glass used in the storage of oils and extracts is pharmaceutical grade quality, the boxes for presentation and transport are made from fully recyclable materials.
 
What makes Rose oil?
The Rosacae family includes more than 1000 spieces but only few of them are suitable for extracting of rose oil. For production of essential oil different varietes are selected based on the Rosa Damascena Mill and Rosa Gallica spieces.

The oil bearing rose has been introduced and adopted by Bulgaria from the Near East during the 17th century, Iran is considered to be the motherland of the rose. From Iran, through Turkey the rose was transfered into Bulgaria for cultivation more than 350 years ago. Here it found the perfect soil and climatic conditions for growing, development and the synthesis of high quality rose essential oil.

In Bulgaria the cultivated oil yielding rose is botanically established as a new spiece - Rosa kazanlika V. Top and it is the main variety used for present day rose oil production. Rose essential oil is also distilled from the varity called Rosa Alba (White oil bearing rose).

The oil bearing rose represents a perennial bush cultivated for more than 20 years which determines its strict exigence towards the soil and climatic conditions as soil fertility,  irrigation, air humidity - it requires a mild winter, prolonged spring and fresh summer...

Oil yielding roses in Bulgaria flower once per year - from mid May up to mid June for 20-22 days. The higher humidity during flowering period contributes to the preservation of the oil and for a better yield during processing. Picking of the fresh rose flowers starts early in the morning usually at 4.30 a.m. and has to conclude before noon when the sun is too intensive. Picking of rose flower is done manually and it requires 10 skilfull field workers for harvesting of 1 ha daily.
 
The optimal yield and quality results for the rose essential oil are guaranteed when processing of the rose flowers is performed immediately after the rose flowers are collected from the field.
 
Rose essential oil is often called Rose Otto or Rose Attar. The real and only true rose oil, is non dilluted and non adulterated that is easily recognized by the professional, admirers of Rose oil can be easily mislead. Considered to be the queen of the aroma world and because it is one of the most expensive essential oils, Rose oil is frequently falsified, immitated or dilluted by unscrupulous traders.
 
Typical composition of Bulgarian Rose Oil has more than 350 identified compounds, part of them considered to be most important and described in quality certificates. Actually the chemical composition of Rose Oil is defined in Bulgarian National Standard БДС ISO 9842:2006 where the limits of the main ingredients and chemical and physical properties are listed. The Quality certificate or Certificate of Analysis (CoA) are prepared and issued by accredited laboratories. GC/MS (Gas Chromatographic/Mass Spectrometric) equipment is used for determination of the characteristics of the Rose oil. In Bulgaria one of the most reliable and acknowledged laboratories is The State Laboratory Bulgarska Rosa Ltd.
 
Here are our recommendations when purchasing Rose Oil and some ways to distinguish the original from imitation:
 
1. Always ask for copy of the CoA (Certificate of Analysis).
2. The genuine Rose Oil, 100% natural, appears as a pale yellow to yellow coloured liquid.
3. True Rose oil "freezes" at room tempersture - below 22 degrees Celsius (app. 295 kelvin or app. 71 deg. Fahrenheit) beautiful crystals appear and it changes the state from liquid to jelly like mass. To liquefy it back it is sufficient to warm it between the palms or if it is bulk quantity, liquefaction should be done very gently by water-bath.
4. Like the most valuable essential oils, Rose Oil should be kept in glass and non transparent bottles when it is not under transportation.
5. If there is a doubt about the quality or the authenticity of the rose oil we recommend that you consult a trained professional for advice.

 

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