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Skin type

Skin types vary depending upon a combination of factors, they include your skin's:

 

  • Water content, which affects your skin's comfort and elesticity.
  • Lipid (oil) content, which affects your skin's softeness and nutrition.
  • Level of sensitivity, which affects your skin's tolerance to certain substances.   

 

We have compiled an outline to help you to differentiate and identify the skin type you have and how to improve your skin. 

If a cotton pad picks up a small amount of oil from your T-zone, then you have normal skin.

Normal skin is the most ideal, not too dry and not too oily, showing neither flaking skin nor oil. It is characterized by zero to few imperfections with no severe sensitivity, minimally visible pores and a supple, smooth and even-toned complexion.

Normal skin has a nice balance of moisture and oil, with good elasticity.

Normal skin (10)

If the blotter picks up oil spots concentrated on the forehead, nose and chin, then you have combination skin.

Combination skin is the most common skin type, exhibiting both dry and oily areas to all three of the aforementioned skin types. Usually, the skin is oily in the T-zone and normal to dry on the cheeks and eye area and characterized by overly dilated pores, blackheads and a shiny T-zone area.

Combination skin (14)

If the blotter is clean, but picks up flakes of skin, then you have dry skin.

Dry skin feels tight or taut and tend to have small pores. Because it does not retain enough moisture, it is prone to wrinkles and fine lines. The lack of oil makes the skin flaky and fragile and exposure to external elements such as pollution, UV radiation and extreme weather may result in a dull, rough complexion, and itchy, irritated red patches.

Dry skin (17)

From 35 years on, skin starts to loose tone and elasticity due to diminished production of Collagen and Hyaluronic Acid.

Menopause depletes the body of the hormone estrogen which keeps the body youthful. Fine lines may appear, as well as, dryness and a loss of elasticity. Products with collagen and elastin are recommended along with vitamin serums for skin rejuvenation. Glycolics are beneficial at smoothing fine lines and wrinkles, texture and eliminating hyperpigmentation.

Mature skin (15)

If the blotter has lots of transparent, greasy spots, then you have oily skin.

Oily skin is often associated with large pores and a perennial shine to the face. It is prone to blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes. The skin tends to look “thick” because dead cells do not shed as quickly.

Oily skin (17)

Rosacea is a common, chronic, incurable, adult acne like skin condition that is easily controllable and manageable with careful skincare.

Commonly affecting the central third of the face, especially the nose, and has periodic ups and downs (flares and remissions), rosacea symptoms and signs include:

  • redness of the face (easy facial blushing or flushing),

  • tiny red pimples and fine red lines (telangiectasias) on the facial skin,

  • rhinophyma (an enlarged, bulbous red nose),

  • eye problems, such as swollen, red eyelids, conjunctivitis, and rosacea keratitis.

Rosacea may be mistaken for rosy cheeks, sunburn, or quite often, acne.

Rosacea triggers include alcohol, hot or spicy foods, emotional stress and heat. Untreated rosacea tends to worsen over the time

Rosacea skin (7)

If your skin is prone to irritation, redness, itching, burning or dryness then you have sensitive skin.

Sensitive skin is the most fragile, reacting immediately to ennvironmental factors, as well as cosmetics, toiletries and everyday household products that irritate its balance.

Sensitive skin (14)

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